Fall Hazards in Construction & Inspectors’ Enforcement Tools | Outils d’application d’inspecteurs


[TITLE: Fall Hazards in Construction and Inspectors’ Enforcement Tools] I’m Mike Chappell, Provincial Coordinator
of Construction Health and Safety for the Province of Ontario. The Ministry of Labour is taking an aggressive
approach to enforcing the existing regulations surrounding fall protection. We inspect all kinds of falls, starting from
working on the same level where there’s poor house-keeping, working from ladders, working
from work platforms, working on the outside of the building on a suspended access platform,
or working many stories in the air while protected by fall protection equipment. This video is going to show you an example
of a typical inspection for falls and fall hazards. My name is Ruhi Sharma. I’m a Construction
Health and Safety Inspector with the Ministry of Labour out of the Central West Region. Today I’m going to be showing you how the
MOL does inspections on construction projects where workers are working from heights. When I first arrive on site, I’ll do a quick
glance around to ensure that what I can see is in compliance with the Occupational Health
and Safety Act and the construction regulations. MOL Inspector: So how many workers are at
the project today? Supervisor: There’s six here today.
MOL Inspector: And how many of them are working on the roof?
I will also ask to see the Health and Safety Policy of the company as well as a copy of
the Occupational Health and Safety Act and if any other inspectors have been on site
previous to me, are their Field Visits posted or not? MOL Inspector: You were trained how to inspect
your equipment before you put it on? Worker: Yup. Every morning we make sure the
lanyards, shock absorbers are still intact… (MOL inspector cont’d): …if they’re using
any machinery on site, do they have training to use the forklift, if they have been provided
with the right fall arrest equipment, if they know how to use it and inspect it properly
and if they know where the Emergency Procedures for the site are posted. I will ask the workers how they’re accessing
the roof. Is it by ladder? Is it by scaffold? And if the lifelines are located at the point
of access. It pays to take all the precautions required
by the Occupational Health and Safety Act and the Construction Regulations which includes
wearing your fall arrest, ensuring that you’re anchored to a safe point, ensuring that your
supervisor identifies hazards at the workplace that you might encounter while working from
heights. MOL Inspector: Thank you very much for your
cooperation. Mike Chappell (cont’d): That, of course, was
a simulated inspection. In a real situation where there’s contraventions of the Occupational
Health and Safety Act or the regulations an inspector would issue corrective orders. There’s a forthwith order where the contravention
can be corrected at the time of the field visit. In the case of a time-based order, the inspector
will determine the amount of time that is given to comply with the order. A stop work order can be issued and that can
be for the whole project or it can be for part of the project where the hazard is and,
in that case, all work must stop until the contravention is rectified. An inspector may decide to issue tickets to
workers who are not wearing their personal protective equipment especially when the employer has provided both the equipment and the training to workers. And that ticket is a fixed fine offence for
$295 plus the victim surcharge and a court surcharge. The maximum fine for a Part 1 summons is $1,000
plus court charges. A summons can be issued for any infraction
under the Occupational Health and Safety Act or the Regulations. Most of the time they are issued to supervisors
for failure to ensure their workers work in accordance with the Act and the regulations and typically for not wearing personal protective equipment. In the event of a serious or repeated contravention
an inspector can lay charges under the Occupational Health and Safety Act, Provincial Offences
Act, Part 3. In that case, as an individual worker, as
a supervisor, or as a director of a corporation, upon a guilty finding by the court, a fine
of up to $25,000 and/or a jail term, up to one year can be levied. In the case of a corporation, the fine can
be up to $500,000 per count. The real cost is the emotional impact it has
when somebody is killed or injured at a workplace. That lasts forever. Injuries and deaths have no place on your
worksite. We have the appropriate regulations to protect
workers. We have the personal protective equipment that can make them safe. We need to all work
together to make sure that happens. Stop falls before they stop you. For more information, please visit our website:
www.labour.gov.on.ca/english/hs/pubs

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